AOP/BOI - Self Help Group

AOP/BOI - Self Help Group, Partnership, Business structure

Service Info:

  • Short Name :   AOP/BOI
  • Category :   Start Up
  • Subcategory :   Association of Persons / Body of Individual / Self Help Group
  • Amount :  ₹0.00
Description :

Association of Persons (AOP) means a group of persons who come together for achieving a common objective and have the same mindsets. Members of the AOP can be natural or artificial persons.

Body of Individuals (BOI) means a group of individuals (natural persons) who join together for earning income.

Service Description:


Association is Persons (AOP) means a group of people who comes together to achieve a common objective with same mind sets. Members in the AOP can be natural (Human beings) or artificial (Artificial Persons-e.g., company, LLP, etc.)

Body of Individuals (BOI) means a group of INDIVIDUALS (Human Beings) who come together to achieve a common objective.

Hence the only difference between the AOP and BOI is that its members composition. AOP/BOI can be formed by simply entering into a deed which contains objectives, names of members, share of members in profits, date of formation, its rules, byelaws, frequency of meetings of members or managing persons, powers of the management, the amount of capital introduced by the members if any etc., The deed can be registered with the registrar of society by paying the applicable fees.

There is no separate governing body for the both the AOP and BOI, they are self-driven with natural law of justice, customs and cultures that a person usually follows in the society.

Since there is no governing body, Income tax Act 1961 included AOP or BOI under Person definition in section 2(31) for the purpose of taxing such AOP/BOI.

What is AOP/BOI Incorporation?

AOP/BOI incorporation involves the formation of an association or body comprising two or more individuals or entities who come together for a common purpose. These structures are typically adopted by professionals, such as lawyers, doctors, architects, accountants, or other businesses that choose to operate as an association rather than as a formal company.

Taxation – Association of Persons & Body of Individuals

An AOP or BOI can be assessed in the following manners:

  • Where in case of AOP or BOI, the individual share of members are unknown or intermediate.
  • Where in case of AOP or BOI, the individual share of members is known or determinate.

Individual Shares of Members – Unknown

When the individual share of the members of AOP/BOI in the whole or part of its income are intermediate or unknown, tax shall be charged on the Total Income (exclusive of income taxable at special rate) of the AOP/BOI at the maximum marginal rate. If the income of any member of AOP is chargeable at a rate which is higher than the marginal rate, the former will apply i.e., higher rate will be charged on the total income of the AOP.

Individual Shares of Members – Known

Where the total income of any member of AOP/BOI exceeds the Maximum Exemption Limit, the particular member with a higher income will be charged at the maximum marginal rate @ 30% plus surcharge @ 10.15% as the case may be, if applicable, along with Cess at the rate of 3% on his/her total income, exclusive of income taxable at special rate.

Benefits of AOP/BOI Incorporation:

Flexibility and Informality:

AOP/BOI structures provide greater flexibility in terms of management, decision-making, and operations. They have fewer formalities and regulatory requirements compared to traditional company structures, making them an attractive option for certain types of businesses.

Shared Resources and Expertise:

By forming an AOP/BOI, individuals or entities can pool their resources, skills, and expertise to achieve common objectives. This collaborative approach allows for the efficient utilization of resources and can lead to cost savings and improved business outcomes.

Tax Benefits:

AOP/BOI structures may offer certain tax advantages, such as the ability to distribute profits among the members based on their respective contributions or profit-sharing ratios. However, it is essential to consult with tax professionals to understand the specific tax implications based on your jurisdiction.

Simplified Compliance:

AOP/BOI structures generally have simpler compliance requirements compared to formal company structures. The regulatory obligations are typically limited to filing annual returns and maintaining proper books of accounts, providing some relief from the extensive compliance requirements of traditional companies.

Our AOP/BOI Incorporation Services:

We provide comprehensive services to facilitate the AOP/BOI incorporation process:

Consultation and Guidance:

Our experienced professionals will provide expert guidance on the suitability of AOP/BOI incorporation for your specific business needs. We will assess your requirements and explain the advantages, limitations, and compliance obligations associated with this structure.

Documentation and Filing:

Our team will assist you in preparing the necessary documentation for AOP/BOI incorporation, including drafting partnership deeds, agreements, or other relevant documents. We will ensure compliance with legal and regulatory requirements and assist with the filing of incorporation documents.

Registration and Compliance:

We will handle the registration process with the appropriate regulatory authorities and ensure compliance with ongoing regulatory obligations. This includes assistance with obtaining necessary licenses or permits, maintaining proper books of accounts, and filing annual returns as required by law.

Customized Solutions:

We understand that each AOP/BOI is unique, and we tailor our services to meet your specific requirements. Whether you need assistance with structuring, tax planning, or ongoing compliance, we provide personalized solutions to support your business objectives.

Embark on your AOP/BOI incorporation journey with confidence. Contact us today to learn more about our AOP/BOI incorporation services and let our experts guide you through the process, ensuring compliance and regulatory success.

FAQs of AOP/BOI Incorporation Start Up:

What is an AOP/BOI?

AOP stands for Association of Persons, and BOI stands for Body of Individuals. They are legal structures in which two or more individuals or entities come together for a common purpose, such as carrying out a business venture.

How is AOP/BOI different from a company?

AOP/BOI structures are less formal and have fewer regulatory requirements compared to traditional companies. They offer greater flexibility in terms of management and decision-making. Unlike companies, AOP/BOI structures are not separate legal entities.

What are the benefits of choosing AOP/BOI incorporation?

AOP/BOI structures provide flexibility, shared resources, and expertise among the members. They often have simplified compliance requirements, potential tax advantages, and lower administrative costs compared to formal company structures.

Can an AOP/BOI enter into contracts or own property?

Yes, an AOP/BOI can enter into contracts and own property. However, it's important to understand the legal implications and obligations of the members when entering into agreements or acquiring assets on behalf of the AOP/BOI.

What are the regulatory obligations for an AOP/BOI?

The regulatory obligations for an AOP/BOI vary depending on the jurisdiction and the nature of the business activities. Common requirements include filing annual returns, maintaining proper books of accounts, and complying with tax and other applicable laws.

Can an AOP/BOI be converted into a company later?

Yes, in many jurisdictions, an AOP/BOI can be converted into a company if desired. The conversion process may involve fulfilling certain legal and regulatory requirements, and it's advisable to seek professional advice to ensure a smooth transition.

Do I need a partnership deed for AOP/BOI incorporation?

Yes, it is recommended to have a partnership deed that outlines the rights, responsibilities, profit-sharing ratios, and other terms and conditions among the members. The partnership deed helps establish clarity and avoids potential disputes in the future.

Tags regarding AOP/BOI incorporation:

Partnership, Business structure, Startup, Incorporation, Legal entity, Flexible management, Decision-making, Shared resources, Expertise pooling, Compliance requirements, Tax implications, Partnership deed, Regulatory obligations

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